This widespread lack of access to proper sanitation is partly attributed to recent population growth and legislative shortcomings, and has become a major contributor to the 1.5 million children who die each year in Uganda due to waterborne diseases. Most people in rural and urban slum areas still use rudimentary sanitation facilities that often give in to adverse weather conditions, causing people to practice open defecation. These poor conditions expose users, especially women, children and people with disabilities, to infection and disease such as Candida and urinary tract infections.
Solid waste management is yet another challenge for the landing site dwellers; there is creative need for garbage dumping facilities as a strategy to control the number of people dumping the refuse in the lake. Furthermore, the quality of multi-family sanitation facilities is difficult to maintain in terms of comfort, hygiene and health. There is insufficient funding and support by local and national government, which have led to poor supervision and management of water and sanitation projects with sporadic short-term interventions that tend to start and stop before achieving their intended purpose.
This therefore calls for the local community to apply the indigenous technical knowledge and community engagement locally known as “Bulunji bwa nsi” done in partnership with the local authorities and the private sector through the inter-landing site public health competition. To make activity more engaging of the local community and owned, competition have been designed with parameters developed in consultation with the Local Authorities focus department like Health, Environment and Fisheries. Further engagements are being made with the National Environment Management Authority and the Department of Fisheries Resources to ensure that the parameters match the national expectations.
The parameters are further tailored to the need for inter-sectoral action for sustainable development and the fulfillment of Sustainable Development Goals 3 (good health and well being), 6 (clean water and sanitation), 11(sustainable cities and communities), 12 (climate action) and 17 (Partnership in achieving the goals).
To inculcate in the landing site communities and users a spirit of responsibility, creativity, partnership and cooperation with other stakeholders in public health, environment and fisheries management practices.
This will be achieved through joint participation and creative ideas of the users and residents of the landing site, local authorities and field experts which will culminate into evidence based intervention and policies to address public health and environmental challenges in the respective areas of jurisdiction. The project will make speciﬁc recommendations on selected interventions deﬁned as activities that prevent disease or injury or that promote health in a group of people and the wellbeing of the environment, mitigating climatic change effects.
- To promote creative and evidence based practical and sustainable public health and environment practices in the landing sites
- To promote public private people partnership in the sustainable fisheries and landing site management
- To aid policy makers and implementers to evidence based practical policy formulation and implementation.
- To promote the spirit of inter landing site cooperation through objective inter landing site visits
Systematic reviews and evidence-based recommendations will play an increasingly important role in decision-making about health, environment and disaster preparedness related issues in policy making and implementation.
The Inter-landing site Public Health Competition (ILPHC) is a pilot initiative of the Community Based Public Health initiative (CBPHi) working directly with the landing sites through their respective Local Authorities under the umbrella organization of Lake Victoria Region Local Authorities and Cooperation (LVRLAC).
National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) and the Department of Fisheries Resource (DFR) will be providing technical guidance and any other support to the project.
The landing sites committees and their respective local authorities working hand in hand with the private sectors and the community at large will be the main implementers.
CBPHi and LVRLAC will be monitoring the progress and awarding marks on the archived developments.
NEMA and DFR will be giving the technical guidance and orientation of the participating parties as well as working with CBPHi and LVRLACC to develop the parameter tool and award the winning teams.
Development partners will provide financial support and any other support to the project.